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asked Advisor 6.3k points 5 21 31

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Unix identifies each process with a unique integer called ProcessID. The process that executes the request for creation of a process is called the 'parent process' whose PID is 'Parent Process ID'. Every process is associated with a particular user called the 'owner' who has privileges over the process. The identification for the user is 'UserID'. Owner is the user who executes the process. Process also has 'Effective User ID' which determines the access privileges for accessing resources like files.
 
getpid() -process id
getppid() -parent process id
getuid() -user id
geteuid() -effective user id
 
answered Expert 13.2k points 27 40 59

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