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Difference between threads and processes

what are the Difference between threads and processes

Threads differ from traditional multitasking operating system processes in that:

processes are typically independent, while threads exist as subsets of a process
processes carry considerably more state information than threads, whereas multiple threads within a process share process state as well as memory and other resources
processes have separate address spaces, whereas threads share their address space
processes interact only through system-provided inter-process communication mechanisms
Context switching between threads in the same process is typically faster than context switching between processes.

Systems like Windows NT and OS/2 are said to have “cheap” threads and “expensive” processes; in other operating systems there is not so great a difference except the cost of address space switch which implies a TLB flush.