How to work Java Array Index?

The Java array index starts at 0 or 1.

We refer to the first element of the myIntArray array as myIntArray[0], and we reference the fifth element in the array as myIntArray[4].

The maximum index value for an array is one less than the number of elements in the array.

Java checks that the index values you use are valid. If you use an index value that is less than 0, or greater than the index value for the last element in the array, an exception is thrown.

Array stores elements and we use index to reference a single value in an array. The starting value of the index is 0. If you try to reference elements with negative numbers or numbers greater than the array length, you will get a run-time error.

public class Main {
public static void main(String args[]) {
int days[] = {1, 2, 3,};
System.out.println("days[2] is " + days[10]);
}
}

We usually use a for loop to access each element in an array. The following code uses a one-dimensional array to find the average of a set of numbers.

public class Main {

  public static void main(String args[]) {

    double nums[] = {10.1, 11.2, 12.3, 13.4, 14.5};

    double result = 0;

    int i;

 

    for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)

      result = result + nums[i];

 

    System.out.println("Average is " + result / 5);

  }

}