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Use of Initialization and Finalization sections of Delphi?

What is the use of Initialization and Finalization sections of Delphi?

Initialization Section

The initialization section is optional. It begins with the reserved word initialization and continues until the beginning of the finalization section or, if there is no finalization section, until the end of the unit. The initialization section contains statements that are executed, in the order in which they appear, on program start-up. So, for example, if you have defined data structures that need to be initialized, you can do this in the initialization section.

For units in the interface uses list, the initialization sections of units used by a client are executed in the order in which the units appear in the client's uses clause.


Finalization sections
The finalization section is optional and can appear only in units that have an initialization section. The finalization section begins with the reserved word finalization and continues until the end of the unit. It contains statements that are executed when the main program terminates (unless the Halt procedure is used to terminate the program). Use the finalization section to free resources that are allocated in the initialization section.

Finalization sections are executed in the opposite order from initializations. For example, if your application initializes units A, B, and C, in that order, it will finalize them in the order C, B, and A.

Once a unit's initialization code starts to execute, the corresponding finalization section is guaranteed to execute when the application shuts down. The finalization section must therefore be able to handle incompletely initialized data, since, if a runtime error occurs, the initialization code might not execute completely.

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