What is deadlock?

Deadlock is a situation when two threads are waiting on each other to release a resource. Each thread is waiting for a resource which is held by the other waiting thread.

Suppose a process request resources; if the resources are not available at that time the process enters into a wait state. A waiting process may never again change state, because the resources they have requested are held by some other waiting processes. This situation is called deadlock.

When a thread holds a resource and waits for another resource to be realized by second thread, the second thread holding a resource and waiting for realized by first thread. Both the threads will be waiting in defiantly and they never execute this switching is called as “Deadlock”.

In java there is no mechanism to avoid deadlock situation, it is the responsibility of the programmer to write proper logic to avoid deadlock situation.