To set all the bytes in a block of memory to a particular value, use memset(). The function prototype is
void * memset(void *dest, int c, size_t count);
The argument dest points to the block of memory. c is the value to set, and count is the number of bytes, starting at dest, to be set. Note that while c is a type int, it is treated as a type char. In other words, only the low-order byte is used, and you can specify values of c only in the range 0 through 255.
Use memset() to initialize a block of memory to a specified value. Because this function can use only a type char as the initialization value, it is not useful for working with blocks of data types other than type char, except when you want to initialize to 0. In other words, it wouldn’t be efficient to use memset() to initialize an array of type int to the value 99, but you could initialize all array elements to the value 0.